Wein - Bridge Oscillator Using TLV2471


The Wien - Bridge oscillator is one of the simplest and best known oscillators and is used extensively in circuits for audio applications. The figure in the below shows the basic Wien bridge circuit configuration. On the positive side, this circuit has only a few components and good frequency stability. The major drawback of the circuit is that the output amplitude is at the rails, which saturates the op-amp output transistors and causes high output distortion. This is the figure of the circuit.

The Wien – Bridge oscillator circuit is shown in the figure, with component values selected to provide an oscillation frequency of ù0 = 2ðf0, where f0 = 1/(2ðRC) = 1.59 kHz. The circuit oscillated at 1.57 kHz, caused by varying component values with 2.8% distortion. This high value results from the extensive clipping of the output signal at both supply rails, producing several large odd and even harmonics. The feedback resistor was then adjusted ±1%. Figure 9 shows the output voltage waveforms. The distortion grew as the saturation increased with increasing RF, and oscillations ceased when RF was decreased by a mere 0.8%.


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